# Color names¶

Proplot registers several new color names and includes tools for defining your own color names. These features are described below.

## Included colors¶

Proplot adds new color names from the XKCD color survey and the Open Color UI design color palettes. You can use show_colors to generate a table of these colors. Note that matplotlib’s native X11/CSS4 named colors are still registered, but some of these color names may be overwritten by the XKCD names, and we encourage choosing colors from the below tables instead. XKCD colors are available in matplotlib under the xkcd: prefix, but proplot doesn’t require this prefix because the XKCD selection is larger and the names are generally more likely to match your intuition for what a color “should” look like.

For all colors, proplot ensures that 'grey' is a synonym of 'gray' (for example, 'grey5' and 'gray5' are both valid). Proplot also retricts the available XKCD colors with a filtering algorithm so they are “distinct” in perceptually uniform space. This makes it a bit easier to pick out colors from the table generated with show_colors. The filtering algorithm also cleans up similar names – for example, 'reddish' and 'reddy' are changed to 'red'. You can adjust the filtering algorithm by calling register_colors with the space or margin keywords.

[1]:

import proplot as pplt
fig, axs = pplt.show_colors()


## Modifying colors¶

You can quickly modify colors using the set_alpha, set_hue, set_saturation, set_luminance, shift_hue, scale_saturation and scale_luminance functions. The set functions change individual hue, saturation, or luminance values in the perceptually uniform colorspace specified by the space keyword. The shift and scale functions shift or scale the hue, saturation, or luminance by the input value – for example, scale_luminance('color', 1.2) makes 'color' 20% brighter. These are useful for creating color gradations outside of Cycle or if you simply spot a color you like and want to make it a bit brighter, less vibrant, etc.

[2]:

import proplot as pplt
import numpy as np

# Figure
state = np.random.RandomState(51423)
fig, axs = pplt.subplots(ncols=3, axwidth=2)
axs.format(
suptitle='Modifying colors',
toplabels=('Shifted hue', 'Scaled luminance', 'Scaled saturation'),
toplabelweight='normal',
xformatter='none', yformatter='none',
)

# Shifted hue
N = 50
fmt = pplt.SimpleFormatter()
marker = 'o'
for shift in (0, -60, 60):
x, y = state.rand(2, N)
color = pplt.shift_hue('grass', shift)
axs[0].scatter(x, y, marker=marker, c=color, legend='b', label=fmt(shift))

# Scaled luminance
for scale in (0.2, 1, 2):
x, y = state.rand(2, N)
color = pplt.scale_luminance('bright red', scale)
axs[1].scatter(x, y, marker=marker, c=color, legend='b', label=fmt(scale))

# Scaled saturation
for scale in (0, 1, 3):
x, y = state.rand(2, N)
color = pplt.scale_saturation('ocean blue', scale)
axs[2].scatter(x, y, marker=marker, c=color, legend='b', label=fmt(scale))


## Colors from colormaps¶

If you want to draw an individual color from a colormap or a color cycle, use key=(cmap, coord) or key=(cycle, index) with any keyword key that accepts color specifications (e.g., color, edgecolor, or facecolor). The coord should be a float between 0 and 1, denoting the coordinate within a smooth colormap, while the index should be the integer index on the discrete colormap color list. This feature is powered by the ColorDatabase class. This is useful if you spot a nice color in one of the available colormaps or color cycles and want to use it for some arbitrary plot element. Use the to_rgb or to_rgba functions to retrieve the RGB or RGBA channel values.

[3]:

import proplot as pplt
import numpy as np

# Initial figure and random state
state = np.random.RandomState(51423)
fig = pplt.figure(refwidth=2.2, share=False)

# Drawing from colormaps
name = 'Deep'
idxs = pplt.arange(0, 1, 0.2)
state.shuffle(idxs)
ax = fig.subplot(121, grid=True, title=f'Drawing from colormap {name!r}')
for idx in idxs:
data = (state.rand(20) - 0.4).cumsum()
h = ax.plot(
data, lw=5, color=(name, idx),
label=f'idx {idx:.1f}', legend='l', legend_kw={'ncols': 1}
)
ax.colorbar(pplt.Colormap(name), loc='l', locator='none')

# Drawing from color cycles
name = 'Qual1'
idxs = np.arange(6)
state.shuffle(idxs)
ax = fig.subplot(122, title=f'Drawing from color cycle {name!r}')
for idx in idxs:
data = (state.rand(20) - 0.4).cumsum()
h = ax.plot(
data, lw=5, color=(name, idx),
label=f'idx {idx:.0f}', legend='r', legend_kw={'ncols': 1}
)
ax.colorbar(pplt.Colormap(name), loc='r', locator='none')
fig.format(
abc='A.', titleloc='l',
suptitle='On-the-fly color selections',
xformatter='null', yformatter='null',
)


You can register your own colors by adding .txt files to the colors subfolder inside user_folder and calling register_colors. This command is also called on import. You can also manually pass file paths, dictionaries, name=color keyword arguments to register_colors. Each color file should contain lines that look like color: #xxyyzz where color is the registered color name and #xxyyzz is the HEX value. Lines beginning with # are ignored as comments.