Figure.colorbar(mappable, values=None, *, loc=None, location=None, row=None, col=None, rows=None, cols=None, span=None, space=None, pad=None, width=None, **kwargs)[source]

Draw a colorbar along the side of the figure.

  • mappable (mappable, list of plot handles, list of color-spec, or colormap-spec) – There are four options here:

    1. A mappable object. Basically, any object with a get_cmap method, like the objects returned by contourf and pcolormesh.

    2. A list of “plot handles”. Basically, any object with a get_color method, like Line2D instances. A colormap will be generated from the colors of these objects, and colorbar levels will be selected using values. If values is None, we try to infer them by converting the handle labels returned by get_label to float. Otherwise, it is set to np.linspace(0, 1, len(mappable)).

    3. A list of hex strings, color string names, or RGB tuples. A colormap will be generated from these colors, and colorbar levels will be selected using values. If values is None, it is set to np.linspace(0, 1, len(mappable)).

    4. A Colormap instance. In this case, a colorbar will be drawn using this colormap and with levels determined by values. If values is None, it is set to np.linspace(0, 1, cmap.N).

  • values (list of float, optional) – Ignored if mappable is a mappable object. This maps each color or plot handle in the mappable list to numeric values, from which a colormap and normalizer are constructed.

  • loc (str, optional) – The colorbar location. Valid location keys are as follows.


    Valid keys

    left edge

    'l', 'left'

    right edge

    'r', 'right'

    bottom edge

    'b', 'bottom'

    top edge

    't', 'top'

  • row, rows – Aliases for span for colorbars on the left or right side.

  • col, cols – Aliases for span for colorbars on the top or bottom side.

  • span (int or (int, int), optional) – Describes how the colorbar spans rows and columns of subplots. For example, fig.colorbar(loc='b', col=1) draws a colorbar beneath the leftmost column of subplots, and fig.colorbar(loc='b', cols=(1,2)) draws a colorbar beneath the left two columns of subplots. By default, the colorbar will span all rows and columns.

  • space (float or str, optional) – The fixed space between the colorbar and the subplot grid. Units are interpreted by units. When the tight layout algorithm is active for the figure, this is adjusted automatically using pad. Otherwise, a suitable default is selected.

  • pad (float or str, optional) – The tight layout padding between the subplot grid and the colorbar. Default is rc['subplots.innerpad'] = 1.0 for the first colorbar and rc['subplots.panelpad'] = 0.5 for subsequently stacked colorbar.

  • length (float or str, optional) – The colorbar length. Units are relative to the span of the rows and columns of subplots. Default is rc['colorbar.length'] = 1.0.

  • shrink (float, optional) – Alias for length. This is included for consistency with matplotlib.figure.Figure.colorbar.

  • width (float or str, optional) – The colorbar width. Units are interpreted by units. Default is rc['colorbar.width'] = 0.2.

Other Parameters
  • extend ({None, 'neither', 'both', 'min', 'max'}, optional) – Direction for drawing colorbar “extensions” (i.e. references to out-of-bounds data with a unique color). These are triangles by default. If None, we try to use the extend attribute on the mappable object. If the attribute is unavailable, we use 'neither'.

  • extendsize (float or str, optional) – The length of the colorbar “extensions” in physical units. Default is rc['colorbar.insetextend'] = 0.9 for inset colorbars and rc['colorbar.extend'] = 1.3 for outer colorbars. %(units.em)s

  • frame, frameon (bool, optional) – For inset colorbars only. Indicates whether to draw a “frame”, just like legend. Default is rc['colorbar.frameon'] = True.

  • lw, linewidth, ec, edgecolor (optional) – Controls the line width and edge color for the colorbar outline and dividers. For inset colorbars, also controls frame properties.

  • a, alpha, framealpha, fc, facecolor, framecolor (optional) – For inset colorbars only. Controls the transparency and color of the frame. Defaults are rc['colorbar.framealpha'] = 0.8 and rc['colorbar.framecolor'].

  • norm (normalizer spec, optional) – Ignored if values is None. The normalizer for converting values to colormap colors. Passed to Norm.

  • norm_kw (dict-like, optional) – The normalizer settings. Passed to Norm.

  • reverse (bool, optional) – Whether to reverse the direction of the colorbar.

  • tickloc, ticklocation ({'bottom', 'top', 'left', 'right'}, optional) – Where to draw tick marks on the colorbar.

  • tickdir, tickdirection ({'out', 'in', 'inout'}, optional) – Direction that major and minor tick marks point.

  • tickminor (bool, optional) – Whether to add minor ticks to the colorbar with minorticks_on.

  • grid, edges, drawedges (bool, optional) – Whether to draw edges (i.e., gridlines) between each level of the colorbar. Default is rc['colorbar.grid'] = False.

  • label, title (str, optional) – The colorbar label. The title keyword is also accepted for consistency with legend.

  • locator, ticks (locator spec, optional) – Used to determine the colorbar tick positions. Passed to the Locator constructor function.

  • locator_kw (dict-like, optional) – The locator settings. Passed to Locator.

  • maxn (int, optional) – Used if locator is None. Determines the maximum number of levels that are ticked. Default depends on the colorbar length relative to the font size. The name maxn is meant to be reminiscent of MaxNLocator.

  • minorlocator, minorticks – As with locator, ticks but for the minor ticks.

  • minorlocator_kw – As with locator_kw, but for the minor ticks.

  • maxn_minor – As with maxn, but for the minor ticks.

  • format, formatter, ticklabels (formatter spec, optional) – The tick label format. Passed to the Formatter constructor function.

  • formatter_kw (dict-like, optional) – The formatter settings. Passed to Formatter.

  • rotation (float, optional) – The tick label rotation. Default is 0.

  • labelsize, labelweight, labelcolor (optional) – The font size, weight, and color for colorbar label text.

  • ticklabelsize, ticklabelweight, ticklabelcolor (optional) – The font size, weight, and color for colorbar tick labels.

  • orientation ({{None, 'horizontal', 'vertical'}}, optional) – The colorbar orientation. By default this depends on the “side” of the subplot or figure where the colorbar is drawn. Inset colorbars are always horizontal.

  • rasterize (bool, optional) – Whether to rasterize the colorbar solids. The matplotlib default is True but we change this to rc['colorbar.rasterize'] because rasterization can cause misalignment between edges and the level patches.

  • **kwargs – Passed to colorbar.